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Interinstitutional Conventions In EU Law

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1. The European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the Commission of the European Communities hereby agree to improve the quality of law-making by means of a series of initiatives and procedures set out in this interinstitutional agreement.

1. Recommends, until a possible Treaty change, the establishment of a comprehensive Union mechanism for democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights which would include all relevant stakeholders and therefore requests that the Commission submit, by September 2017, on the basis of Article 295 TFEU, a proposal for the conclusion of a Union Pact for democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (EU Pact for DRF) in the form of an interinstitutional agreement laying down arrangements facilitating the cooperation between the Union institutions and the Member States in the framework of Article 7 TEU, integrating, aligning and complementing existing mechanisms, following the detailed recommendations set out in the Annex and including the option of joining the EU Pact for DRF for all Union institutions and bodies that wish to do so;

15. Recommends that an expert panel on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF Expert Panel), provided for in the interinstitutional agreement, also undertake an assessment of access to justice at Union level, including aspects such as independence and impartiality of courts and judges, an independent legal profession, legal standing rules, duration and cost of litigation, adequacy and effectiveness of the legal aid system, as well as the existence of the necessary funds for it, implementation of court rulings, scope of judicial control and redress available to citizens, and options for cross-border collective redress; considers in this connection that there should be focus on Article 298(1) TFEU and the right of Union citizens to have an open, efficient and independent European administration;

Having regard to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR), the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, the conventions, recommendations, resolutions and reports of the Parliamentary Assembly, the Committee of Ministers, the Human Rights Commissioner and the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe,

JURE, a database created by the European Commission, contains case law delivered by courts in contracting states (EU Member States and if applicable Iceland, Norway and Switzerland) and the EU Court of Justice on jurisdiction in civil and commercial matters and on the recognition and enforcement of judgments in a State other than the one where the judgment was passed. This includes case law on relevant international conventions (i.e. 1968 Brussels Convention, 1988 Lugano Convention) as well as EU and Member State case law.

The aim of this glossary is to give users of Compass a short definition or brief explanation of the main concepts, conventions and terms as they are used in the manual. For more detailed information the reader should consult the relevant sections of background information to the themes in chapter 5 and use the Internet.

The conception of the Conference as a hybrid of interinstitutional negotiations and citizen consultations was hardly feasible in the face of national lockdowns and European travel restrictions imposed in the wake of the Covid-19 outbreak. But the shortcomings of the Conference format go deeper than mere incompatibility with a global pandemic. Even when transnational physical meetings are possible again, the questions of how to overcome the institutional turf wars and how to reform the EU in the absence of urgency generated by a crisis will remain on the table. In view of the difficult negotiations on the format of the Conference, two very different development paths are conceivable.

According to the Directive, adverse human rights impacts2 are impacts on protected persons resulting from the violation of one of the rights or prohibitions listed in the Annex, Part I Section 1, (which refer to international human rights conventions listed in the Annex, Part I Section 2). Examples of the listed conventions include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Adverse environmental impacts3, in turn, are impacts on the environment resulting from the violation of one of the prohibitions or obligations pursuant to the international environmental conventions listed in the Annex, Part II. Examples of the international environmental conventions include the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Basel Convention, and the Montreal Protocol.

The EU has already taken significant steps to raise awareness regarding the demands of EU texts and help with the training of text drafters and translators. One of the actions worth mentioning is the set up in 1995 of the Interinstitutional Committee for Translation and Interpreting (ICTI) which followed an initiative of the heads of the various bodies to bring together representatives of all the translation and interpretation services of EU institutions and other bodies. Since its inception, the committee has been coordinating and implementing interinstitutional projects and managing the Inter-Active Terminology for Europe (IATE), i.e. the interinstitutional terminologydatabase of the European Union which brings together all the EU terminology resources thus making information more easily available and ensuring its standardisation. The ICTI submits an annual report to the EU institutions, where it reviews the progress in interinstitutional cooperation in the field of translation and interpretation and suggests steps for further development (Pariente 2010: 49).

Agreements comprise: international agreements or conventions, signed by the Community or the European Union and a country or organisation outside the EU, agreements between Member States and interinstitutional agreements concluded by different EU institutions. 153554b96e

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